About Dragon Fruit

Most people don’t realize that the beautiful, delicious, Dragon Fruit grows on a climbing cactus species called the Hylocereus.  This is an extremely unusual form of cactus.  It is terrestrial, meaning it “climbs”, growing to heights exceeding thirty feet.  Its fleshy stem will climb up and over walls and trees using aerial roots.  The cactus has extravagant flowers and the fruit has s stunning, intense color, odd shape, and delicious taste. 

The night blooming flowers a are white in color and can be up to fourteen inches long.  The only bloom at night and generally last only one night long.  The Dragon Fruit itself is often cut in half and eaten chilled.  The is used to make a variety of flavored drinks.  It is recommended that these plants be grown in soil supplemented with high amounts of organic material.  It can be grown successfully in sandy soils.  In hot climates providing some shade is recommended.


Facts about Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit is also called pitaya or pitahaya fruit. Its tree is actually a type of evening flowering cactus. The attractive yellowish flower is approximately 12 inches in length and 9 inches in width, bell shaped and extremely fragrant. The flowers open in the evening and eventually wilt by daybreak.

Dragon fruit is oblong with unique look due to its vibrant pink to red rind with green tipped scales. The edible part is either white or red, which has countless tiny black seeds. The fruit's taste is fairly sweet and juicy, very much alike that of kiwi, watermelon and pear. Dragon fruit is currently planted commercially in Asian countries such as Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam.


Dragon Fruit Varieties:

•    Hylocereus -- it features red-colored skin with white-colored flesh.
•    Hylocereus polyrhizus -- the fruit has red-colored skin with red-colored flesh.
•    Selinecereus megalanthus -- it has yellow-colored skin with white-colored flesh.

Pitaya fruit was originated from Central America. Based on Aztec literature, the fruit dates back to sometime the 13th century. Pitaya fruit is called thang loy in Vietnam, the place it is broadly grown. It is said that the exotic fruit was first introduced to Vietnam through the French and currently, the average produce per hectare is about 25 tonnes.

Malaysia is another location where you can come across the pitahaya fruit. It had been introduced in 1999 in Johor, Kuala Pilah and Sitiawan regions. Nicaragua and Colombia are other destinations in which pitaya fruit is planted for commercial reasons.

The Dragon Fruits,native from the tropical regions in Central America. It contains rich nutritions, vitamins, unique features, and specific plant proteins and anthocyanins which cannot be found from general fruits.